Welcome to the Journal

Dear Colleagues,


Welcome to theĀ Confluence: concepts and opinions in interventional cardiovascular medicine online portal! Confluence is an independent, peer-reviewed journal that addresses key developments, current issues and topical news, through articles authored by acclaimed thought leaders in the field of interventional cardiovascular medicine, in order to provide practical and relevant guidance to healthcare professionals.


This website is intended to provide you with free access to the entire catalogue of articles, interviews and case studies from Confluence, which we hope will provide valuable insights into clinical practice. If you have found the articles helpful, we encourage you to share them with your colleagues using the social media facilities provided, by downloading the articles in PDF format, or through directing them to the website.


In order to be informed when new articles appear on the site, please consider registering here.


Professor Christian Hamm,


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